Epoxy Flooring

How an epoxy flooring expert service can benefit you

Commercial has become very popular recently, as it has many benefits and can be installed in a variety of spaces. However, unlike other flooring options, flooring should only be installed by a resinous flooring expert, especially inside commercial spaces.

Why is this the case? There are many reasons why concrete epoxy flooring should only be installed by resinous experts, but we will review the major reasons in this blog.

Poor Surface Preparation

One of the major reasons to hire an epoxy flooring contractor to install your epoxy flooring is because they have the proper machinery that can correctly prepare your concrete surface.

If you are coating epoxy onto an old surface, whether it be in a warehouse or in a retail location, it is vital that the flooring surface is properly prepared before an epoxy coating is installed. The floor must be clean, dry, dust-free, and the substrate needs to be ground or shot-blasted during this process, or the epoxy won’t hold.

Additionally, lumps or debris can often be found in urethane cement flooring systems that are completed on a do-it-yourself basis. This occurs because of a failure to properly clean and prepares the surface prior to installation, and it can cause the finished product to look unclean and unprofessional.

People who attempt to install an epoxy resin floor themselves often overlook the crucial aspect of surface preparation and their flooring fails as a result. We cannot stress enough how important this step is, and only a resinous flooring expert can properly prepare your surface for installation.

Inadequate Primer

In order for your epoxy flooring to work properly, you must first apply a suitable primer to your commercial floor. The primer makes it possible for the epoxy to adhere to the concrete substrate, and it also fills in any pores that may be present in the concrete.

A resinous flooring expert will be knowledgeable about the different commercial epoxy flooring types, and they will know which primers will work best for your flooring needs. Using the correct primer will enable the epoxy coating to seamlessly bond to the substrate below.

Disregarding the use of an epoxy primer can be detrimental to the lifespan of the epoxy floor, and it can cause it to peel or delaminate quickly. The primer phase of the project is vital to allow a low viscosity resin to saturate the substrate, and it should always be done prior to applying the epoxy.

The Substrate Is Too Weak To Hold The Epoxy

Another common problem, and something that an ordinary person may not know, is that epoxy flooring needs to be installed onto a strong substrate.

Substrate is the technical term for the original concrete flooring that is inside your facility. If the substrate is weak, or if the epoxy flooring is stronger than it, the cement floor will crack under the weight of the epoxy.

This occurs as a result of low-quality cement, or if the cement is damaged beyond repair. Only a resinous flooring expert would be able to evaluate the original substrate to determine whether or not it will properly hold the epoxy floor.

Incompatible Substrate

Having a substrate that is compatible with the epoxy that you are trying to install is vital to the lifespan of the flooring system. That is why it is important to determine whether or not the substrate is suitable for the epoxy flooring system.

A resinous flooring expert will be able to evaluate the substrate to determine whether it will be able to bond to the epoxy and whether they will be compatible in terms of adhesion and tensile strength.

It is very important that the substrate and the epoxy are compatible in both categories, or the flooring system will fail.

Someone who is not an expert in resinous flooring may also attempt to install an epoxy coating onto a floor that is too flexible, such as a wood floor. This would not work and would result in the epoxy floor becoming cracked or broken.

It is also important to make sure that the substrate has not been contaminated by oils or chemicals, which can lead to deterioration, and an epoxy coating would not be able to adhere to this type of surface.

Only a resinous flooring expert would be able to evaluate whether or not your concrete substrate would be compatible with an epoxy coating.

Bubbles and Pinholes

A common occurrence that can happen with do-it-yourself epoxy coatings is that the epoxy can form bubbles or pinholes, which can lead to peeling or delaminating. Most often, this happens as a result of the installer failing to apply a bonding coat to the flooring system.

The bonding coat is vitally important, as it prevents outgassing, which is a moisture vapor phenomenon that occurs during rising temperatures.

This is an issue that a resinous flooring expert can resolve by thoroughly inspecting the prime or seal coating for any voids or pinholes before applying the finishing coat. This step is crucial, and it can determine whether or not the epoxy installation will be successful.

Always Hire An Expert

The examples listed above are just a few of the reasons why it is important to hire a resinous flooring expert when installing an epoxy floor inside your commercial facility. This is vital and will always pay off in the long run, because your flooring system will last much longer if you hire a professional, rather than if you attempt to install the floor yourself.

Each epoxy resin and hardener have different requirements, such as ratio, hardening time, and temperature. At High Performance Systems, we are well aware of all of these aspects and we always adhere to the manufacturer-provided datasheets, making peeling, delamination, and system failure very rare.

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A brief definition of epoxy flooring

is a popular flooring option that is commonly used for commercial spaces, such as warehouses, commercial kitchens, and retail stores. Commercial has many attributes that make it appealing to business owners, such as its ability to be easily cleaned and maintained, and due to the fact that epoxy is durable, abrasion-resistant, and slip-resistant.

These attributes place this type of flooring in high demand, but before you install it in your commercial facility you might want to know more about concrete epoxy flooring, and what it is actually made of.

What Is Epoxy Resin Made Of?

Epoxy is a polymer that possesses a unique set of resistance and mechanical properties, making it especially suitable for commercial facilities.

An epoxy resin floor is made up of a combination of a resin and a chemical hardener, which are mixed together prior to installation. This mixture begins as a liquid and eventually turns into a solid after it fully cures.

Within the flooring industry, epoxy is one of the best adhesives on the market for industrial usage. Most of the adhesive epoxy mixtures also include modifiers that can increase toughness and flexibility, and many provide high levels of chemical and environmental resistance, making them highly sought-after for commercial kitchens and warehouses.

Depending on the type of urethane cement flooring you are installing, and the location, it may be necessary to include other ingredients into the epoxy mixture, such as decorative flake, silica mesh, or aluminum oxide. Discuss your options with your resinous flooring expert, as they will determine the best epoxy mixture for your space.

How Is The Epoxy Applied?

Once properly mixed, the epoxy compound is then poured onto a concrete substrate, in liquid form, and it is moved around the floor by using a squeegee or paint roller to smooth

out the surface.

The surface is complete when all cracks and crevices are filled or covered by the epoxy resin. Most epoxies are self-leveling, so this process does not take long to achieve.

In order for the installation to be successful, and depending on how thick the floor needs to be, a resinous flooring expert may apply several coats of epoxy to the substrate. Your resinous flooring specialist will determine the proper thickness of your epoxy floor based on a variety of factors, such as the amount of anticipated foot traffic and machinery that will be used within the space.

How Quickly Does Epoxy Cure?

After the epoxy compound has been designed, mixed, and poured, it quickly turns from a liquid to a solid. This process may take a few days, depending on how many coats have been applied.

While it may take several days for the epoxy to fully cure, the process begins rather quickly. The thickness of the epoxy plays a major role in how fast it cures, and heat can be used to increase cure speed when needed.

Why Is Epoxy Used On Commercial Floors?

Epoxy is commonly used on commercial floors because of its easy application process, quick cure time, and durability.

An epoxy flooring contractor, such as High Performance Systems, recommend that epoxy flooring be installed inside warehouses, commercial kitchens, industrial spaces, and retail facilities. This is due to the fact that can be tailored to fit each individual space, and can be made abrasion and slip-resistant on request.

Epoxy floors can also be personalized to fit your specific commercial needs, and custom colors, flakes, and logos can be added to increase brand awareness within your space.

For best results, It is important that a commercial epoxy flooring contractor install your epoxy floor. This will lead to the longest lifespan possible for your floor, and ensure that your facility has safe and effective flooring for years to come.

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Polished concrete vs grind & seal

One of the most common questions we receive from customers is regarding the differences between grind and seal flooring and . When deciding on a commercial floor, many people know what kind of design they are looking for, but don’t quite know the industry terminology for it.

Grind and seal floors are oftentimes confused with polished concrete, as both give the appearance of a glossy finish over rustic concrete.

However, there are some major differences between the two, and it is important to know the qualities of each prior to having a resinous flooring expert install a flooring system in your commercial facility.

What Is Polished Concrete?

Customers usually ask for polished concrete floors when stating that they would like a concrete floor that is shiny. However, even though the name clearly states that this process

would produce a polished floor, the fact is that oftentimes that is not the case.

Since polished concrete floors require a very strong concrete base, many times the concrete slab inside your commercial facility simply cannot withstand this process. This leaves customers unsatisfied with the finished product.

When distinguishing between the two, it is important to note that polished concrete achieves its sheen in a completely different way than grind and seal does and that it is more labor-intensive as well.

The process involves polishing the surface of a concrete slab with a machine that is fitted with industrial diamonds. The diamonds polish the floor until it reaches its desired level of shine, and a high gloss performance finish is applied on top.

This process does not work for every concrete surface, and many times the concrete slab does not allow for the proper amount of sheen to be produced. Additionally, this process also takes longer than grind and seal and has a higher failure rate.

What Is Grind And Seal?

Typically, the shiny concrete floors that you see in commercial facilities are actually grind and seal concrete flooring, not polished concrete. Grind and seal floors offer more sheen than polished concrete, and it works on most concrete surfaces as well.

The process of grind and seal involves grinding the concrete substrate with concrete grinders, filling the cracks and divots with patching materials, and sealing the concrete floor with either an or polyurethane topical coating.

During this process, colors and dyes can also be added to the concrete substrate in order to give the slab a neutral, earthy or more colorful tone.

Benefits Of Grind And Seal

One of the major benefits of grind and seal flooring is that it allows for a more consistent appearance when compared to polished concrete. This is because the final appearance of the floor is based on the topical coating that is applied to the concrete, so it is not reliant on the actual cosmetic profile of the concrete slab.

Grind and seal flooring is also better suited for facilities that deal with grease, oil stains, and spills. This is because a chemical-resistant coating can be applied on top of the concrete substrate, which allows for easy clean-up.

The most popular reason why grind and seal floors are better than polished concrete flooring is that it is more cost-effective. Grind and seal flooring is less labor-intensive and costs significantly less than polished concrete.

With these advantages, it is highly recommended that you have an contractor install grind and seal floors when you are looking for a flooring system that will be shiny, cost-effective and durable for your facility.

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Exploring various types of epoxy coatings

When designing a commercial facility, people often decide to customize or brighten up their space by installing decorative .

Decorative are very popular in retail stores, hotels, universities, and facilities that desire custom logos or colors to extend their brand image.

There are many varieties when it comes to decorative , such as a metallic epoxy floor option, epoxy flake flooring, and quartz epoxy flooring, and each comes with its own unique benefits. This blog will help you to determine which flooring style would best suit your commercial needs.

Bright Colors And Custom Flake

The decorative epoxy flake flooring option is the most popular, as it offers business owners the opportunity to draw customers into their facilities and make a statement with their flooring system.

Brightly colored floors are the perfect addition to retail spaces because they provide a unique design element that can complete the aesthetic of the store. Addition

ally, decorative epoxy floors can be made slip-resistant and abrasion-resistant, which helps to keep customers and employees safe and protect against slip-and-fall accidents.

Custom flake floors are also popular for the same reasons. When commercial spaces require custom colors and flakes, their needs can be met with this type of flooring system.

A decorative epoxy resin flooring expert can use color swatches from your brand’s logo in order to get an exact match for the epoxy dye and flake color.

Having a flooring system that exactly matches your brand’s colors helps to create a streamlined look throughout your space and it becomes an extension of your brand image.

Metallic Epoxy

Metallic epoxy is a very popular option for clients who are looking for their commercial floor to make a statement. Oftentimes, upscale restaurants and retail spaces will install a metallic epoxy floor in order to make their facility appear more appealing to customers. This is an easy way to make your establishment feel more high-end, while saving money on the affordable amount that most decorative epoxy flooring cost.

Despite its name, this type of epoxy flooring does not contain any metal components at all. Instead, the metallic look is achieved by using a pearlescent, light-reflective aggregate blend that is coated with pigments to produce an iridescent effect.

Custom Logos

Epoxy floors that feature custom logos are very prevalent inside facilities that are well known or which are looking to create a brand that is easily recognizable.

For example, Universities that are known for their football teams might want to display the team’s logo inside the gymnasium or inside a locker room.

In cases such as these, the customized logo, which is applied as a base sticker insert with a clear topcoat overlay, can be specifically matched in terms of color and font. Epoxy floor flakes can also be personalized to match the university team’s colors.

If you desire a custom logo on your new epoxy flooring system, discuss it with your resinous flooring expert, as they will be able to provide you with the perfect logo and custom flooring for your facility.

Color Matching

Color Matching is a different process than the ones mentioned above, as this process aims to exactly match the existing floor color.

This type of decorative flooring option would be used in cases where clients are happy with their overall flooring, but there are some areas that need to be patched or fixed.

The color matching technique would be used to duplicate the color of the existing floor so that these areas could be seamlessly fixed.

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Negative effects of downtime on businesses

The most important thing to consider when deciding whether to install a resin flooring system is how long you will have to close your facility to complete the installation.

Downtime, or the number of hours or days that your facility will be closed for installation, can have a very negative impact on your business. The issues vary in length and severity and can range from lost revenue to a halt in the production process.

So, if you want to upgrade your concrete system, how can you do it with the shortest amount of downtime?

What is the Impact of Downtime

Downtime can lead to lost revenue, which can have a serious impact on a business. When businesses close, even temporarily, the closure can leave customers having to find other businesses to frequent, or it can even make some customers upset that they are being inconvenienced. This is especially true if no prior warning is given.

Lost revenue, even in small amounts, can have a ripple effect that leads to other losses, and can ultimately lead to permanent company closures.

For example, if you own a restaurant and you have to close your doors for several days, or weeks, in order to install a new concrete epoxy floor you risk losing all of those customers for good.

Even if the closure is temporary, closing your business gives your customers the chance to try other restaurants, instead of going to yours, and they may wind up liking those better.

This is why downtime should be kept as little as possible, and if possible, you should find a resinous flooring expert who can install your floor during hours when your business is closed.

Prepare Your Business Prior To Installation

Having a closure plan, or a plan to temporarily halt production is an important step to complete prior to installing your new flooring system.

Preparation plans can include notifying customers of your temporary closure and ensuring them that your business will reopen within the next few hours, or the next few business days. Making an announcement such as this can help your customers prepare for any inconvenience that your business closure may cause.

This is especially important if you provide a product or service that is important to the daily lives of your customers, such as if you run a coffee shop or restaurant that is frequently populated.

Other preventative measures that can be taken include notifying employees of your facility that the space will be closed for a specific amount of time and that they should not come into work that day.

Closing your doors, even temporarily, without notifying your employees can cause confusion, especially if your employees make money through tips.

It is also important to prepare any food or beverage products that you may be using prior to installation, especially foods that need to remain refrigerated or frozen. If your facility needs to be closed for several days it is important that all of your products are properly labeled and stored so that they do not go bad.

Hire An Expert Resinous Flooring Contractor

Hiring a concrete epoxy installer to assess your project and install your flooring system will help to keep your company’s downtime as low as possible.

Experts in this field are well aware of the time it takes to prepare and install a flooring system, and they can discuss ways to lessen the amount of time you will need to close your doors or stop production during the installation process.

Many times, companies such as High Performance Systems Corporation can complete your project during a time of day when your business is closed, or they can accommodate your needs by installing the floor overnight.

Finding an epoxy flooring contractor who can work with you in order to ensure that your downtime and profit loss is minimal can make all the difference.

On the other hand, if you decide to take matters into your own hands and attempt to install your flooring system yourself, you risk running into problems and causing a prolonged period of time where your business needs to be closed for renovations.

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epoxy flooring can help with workspace

There are many benefits to installing a commercial in your workspace. This flooring system is dynamic, and it works well in a variety of spaces.

Additionally, are easy to install and they don’t require a lot of downtime, which has caused them to become very popular over the past few years.

If you’re deciding whether or not to install an flooring system in your commercial space, here are the top five reasons why it’s a good idea.

  1. Seamless Floors Are Easy To Clean and Maintain

Concrete epoxy flooring is one of the easiest flooring systems to clean, as they are seamless and do not have cracks and crevices that other floors may have.

This makes epoxy floors ideal for restaurants or food and beverage processing facilities, where bacteria may oftentimes be found on hard surfaces or in hard to reach places.

Bacteria such as Listeria can not thrive on epoxy floors, therefore making it more sanitary than other options such as tile or laminate. Spills and other messes can easily be cleaned on an epoxy floor, which keeps workers and customers safe in the long run.

  1. Epoxy Floors Are Antimicrobial, Anti-slip, and Scratch Resistant

One of the best features of an epoxy resin floor is that it can be made antimicrobial, anti-slip, and scratch-resistant.

Antimicrobial epoxy floors are perfect for food and beverage facilities, because, as mentioned above, this keeps bacteria from thriving on these surfaces. While epoxy flooring

isn’t inherently antimicrobial, you can request your epoxy flooring contractor to install a floor with an antimicrobial additive. This will give an added boost to preventing the growth and spread of harmful bacteria.

Anti-slip and scratch-resistant epoxy floors are beneficial for any commercial workspace, especially those with high amounts of foot traffic. Your epoxy flooring contractor can add silica or mesh into the flooring that will create an anti-slip texture.

Epoxy floors that are anti-slip provide an extra layer of protection against slip and fall accidents, which keeps customers and employees safe, while also protecting your facility against unwanted legal claims.

In areas that see a lot of customer traffic, the scratch-resistant properties of epoxy floors keep them looking fresh and new while ensuring your ability to keep your flooring system for a long time without worrying about wear and tear.

  1. Epoxy Floors Can Be Customized With Logos And Colors

In terms of branding, epoxy floors are the best of the best. Urethane cement flooring offers a wide range of colors and styles, which can be easily matched to your logo colors.

When working with a resinous flooring expert, they will be able to design a logo that can

be installed on your epoxy floor. This logo can be placed almost anywhere, as it is applied as a base sticker insert with a clear topcoat overlay.

This type of flooring option is popular with sports teams and companies who are well known for their logos, colors, or fonts. For example, Rutgers University recently had an epoxy floor installed in their locker room, complete with custom colored epoxy, flakes, and a personalized logo.

Custom logos and colors create a unique space and make your brand a prominent feature inside your workspace.

  1. Environmentally Friendly

Due to the way in which epoxy floors are installed and removed, they are significantly more environmentally friendly than plank, vinyl, and other flooring options.

These other floors would typically need to be removed and placed in a landfill once they have exceeded their lifespan, or once the floors have become damaged in any major way.

However, epoxy floors do not need to be removed, as they weld to the existing concrete slab that is already in place. This eliminates the need for products to be placed in landfills

and is better for the environment.

Some epoxy flooring products are also LEED-certified, and it is important to discuss LEED certification properties with your resinous flooring company prior to installation, especially if environmentally friendly products are important to you.

  1. Long Lasting

Epoxy floors are one of the longest-lasting flooring options because they are durable and made to withstand heavy machinery and a lot of foot traffic.

Additionally, if cracks and crevices arise, epoxy is simple to fix, and a resinous flooring expert can simply seal the cracks and have it looking like new in no time.

The durability of epoxy flooring systems is one of its most important qualities because commercial facilities rely on floors that can withstand a lot of stress.

If you’re interested in a dynamic flooring system that will provide long-lasting support, while also providing an aesthetically appealing design, then we highly recommend calling a resinous flooring expert and installing an epoxy floor today.

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Is it now the right time to repair your concrete floor?

If you have a commercial concrete floor in your facility, you might start to notice that it has become damaged over time. Cracks and crevices may appear, and you may be wondering what you can do about it.

Luckily, concrete floors are not only easy to maintain, but they are also simple to repair and replace. But how can you determine whether it is time to repair the floor, or if it’s time for a complete resin floor replacement?

This blog will inform you of what to look for in each scenario to help make your decision a little easier.

When To Repair Your Concrete Floors

If Cracks Are Visible

If you had a concrete floor installed somewhat recently, you might start to notice little cracks in the substrate. This is because, over time, heavy wear and tear from foot traffic or machinery can cause cracks to form.

However, these cracks are not cause for concern, especially if they are caught early enough.

This is because cracks in your concrete floor can be easily fixed by a resinous flooring expert, and the process shouldn’t take more than a few hours to complete.

When Peeling or Delamination Occurs

One of the most common issues that might arise with your system is that it may peel or delaminate. This could be the result of an installer not using the proper epoxy primer.

Additionally, lack of proper mechanical abrasion to the existing floor can cause an epoxy floor to begin peeling or delaminating, and this is something that needs to be monitored from time to time.

If you notice any peeing or delamination, it is best to contact an epoxy flooring contractor immediately, because this can be repaired if caught in the early stages.

If Chipping or Color Erosion Begins

Chipping can occur as a result of repeated exposure to heavy machinery or a lot of foot traffic, and it is a problem that should be addressed immediately.

Chipping, although it may seem like a mild issue, can quickly escalate and lead to bigger problems and larger exposed areas.

If you start to notice chipping in your concrete floor, you should repair the floor as soon as you possibly can. This repair process can be completed easily by a resinous flooring expert, and it should not be attempted as a do-it-yourself project.

Color erosion can also be an issue with concrete floors, especially when bright colors are used in the substrate. This problem occurs over time, just like the other issues mentioned above.

However, some people may think that if the color erodes, the floor must be replaced, which is often not the case. Most resinous flooring companies, such as High Performance Systems, can provide color matching services, which can match the existing floor color perfectly.

This makes the process much simpler, and cheaper, for you in the long run.

When To Replace Your Concrete Floors

When Large Areas Are Peeling

As stated above, portions of your concrete substrate may begin to peel or delaminate over time. If these spots remain small, they can be easily repaired.

However, this can become a serious issue if it is not taken care of quickly. If large portions

of your floor have begun to peel, it is time to replace your epoxy flooring system. Your floor should be evaluated by a resinous flooring expert, who will be able to assess whether or not you should replace the floor in question.

Ultimately, for the safety of your workers and quality of your flooring system, if the peeling area has become too large, it is best to just replace the entire floor. This will be the most cost effective method as well.

When Crevices Become Excessive

If cracks and crevices start to overtake your flooring system, this means that your floor is likely beyond repair, and a replacement is needed.

It is normal for some cracks to appear, and even some crevices as well, if it’s been a while since your floor was installed. However, large crevices can become dangerous for employees, as machines can get caught on them, causing accidents to occur.

If You Want An Antimicrobial Or Slip-Resistant Floor

If your building is a food service facility or a restaurant, it would be beneficial for your flooring system to be both antimicrobial and slip-resistant.

However, this requires an additional ingredient to be added into the concrete mixture, so this is not something that can be done in a repair.

If you want your flooring system to have antimicrobial properties then you need to replace the entire flooring system. The same goes for the slip resistant floors, as they too require additional ingredients to make it possible.

It’s important to discuss your needs with a resinous flooring expert, as they will be able to provide the best flooring system for you and your facility.

When You Want To Change The Color Or Style

The most common reason why you would need to replace your flooring system would be if you wanted to change the color or style of your floor.

Concrete floors can be designed in a wide variety of ways, and many colors and styles can

be added to the substrate.

If you are looking for a completely new style, or if you would like to update the color of your floor, the only option is to replace the entire system.

Replacing the system is simple, with the help of a concrete expert, and the downtime is limited. Within a matter of days you can have a brand new flooring system in place.

Repairing VS. Replacing

As a general rule, it is best to leave the decision of whether to repair or replace your concrete floor up to the experts.

If you notice any cracks, crevices, or any other issue discussed in this blog it is best to contact a concrete epoxy installer right away.

They will be able to provide you with an evaluation of your flooring system and you can decide whether to repair or replace your floor together.

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Why your flooring system might fail

One of the most common concerns of customers who are looking to have a floor installed in their facility is whether or not it will fail once the commercial flooring project is completed.

Flooring failure is quite common in the commercial epoxy resin industry, since heavy wear and tear can cause flooring systems to break down faster than usual. However, there are steps your commercial contractor can take in order to ensure that your floor lasts for a long time and that it does not fail.

Prior to hiring a contractor, it is important to understand why floors fail, and how you can prevent that from happening in your facility. Keep reading to find out the most common reasons for flooring system failures and how to overcome them.

Poor Surface Preparation

Preparing the concrete substrate is probably the most important thing you can do in order to ensure your epoxy floor properly adheres to the surface.

Oftentimes, many DIY installers attempt to skip this step in order to save time, or they simply

clean the surface prior to installation, and think that is enough. This is a vital mistake, because cleaning a concrete epoxy floor is in no way comparable to proper surface preparation.

In order to properly prepare the surface, you must hire a resinous flooring expert to grind or shot-blast the concrete substrate prior to installing your epoxy floor.

Incorrect Installation

When it comes to installing floors, it is imperative that you hire an expert to complete the process. It may seem more economical to try to install the floor yourself, however, in the long run you will be better off with an expert.

When inexperienced people attempt to install , things can go bad quickly. Without proper substrate preparation, and without the knowledge of chemical adhesions properties, you run the risk of installing a floor that will immediately fail.

In commercial settings, this can be catastrophic, as more downtime means less revenue. If you install a floor that immediately fails, you will have to remove that floor entirely and hire a resinous flooring expert to install one properly.

Improper Maintenance

Many times, flooring systems can fail quickly due to improper maintenance and cleaning techniques. This happens a lot of times because facility managers are unaware of the

harmful effect some cleaning solutions have on their floors.

Some chemicals found in cleaning solutions can have detrimental effects on epoxy floors, concrete, and as other flooring systems. These chemicals can lessen the adhesive properties of these floors

Common culprits that can damage floors are acidic cleaners, high-PH chemicals, and soiled water. Soiled water, which is oftentimes used during mopping, can penetrate the adhesive floors and can cause mold to grow underneath.

Over time, this can produce mold growth, which can rapidly cause flooring failure. It is vital to discuss proper cleaning and maintenance procedures with your resinous flooring expert prior to installation.

Moisture In The Concrete Substrate

Moisture in the concrete substrate upon which your flooring system is installed can be a huge problem.

Once again, this issue is fairly common, and unless you are properly versed in the mechanical workings of concrete it can be hard to tell if you will encounter this issue. That is why a resinous flooring installer should be contacted, in order to assess your substrate prior to installation.

Having a substrate that contains too much moisture can lead to a variety of issues, and can ultimately lead to system failure.

Normal Wear And Tear

Most of the previously mentioned reasons for system failure can be prevented by taking preparative steps. However, epoxy floors can still fail, even if you’ve taken the necessary steps to stop it.

One of the things that can cause failure, which is not preventable, is normal wear and tear.

All of these things combined can cause your epoxy floor to crack, peel, or delaminate more quickly than usual.

Unfortunately, this type of flooring failure is not preventable, however, it can be stopped before it gets to an ultimate failure.

If you notice any small bubbles forming, or any slight peeling, it is imperative that you contact a resinous flooring expert, such as High Performance Systems Corporation, immediately.

They will be able to assess the damage that has been caused and they can help to save your epoxy floor before it fails.

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Epoxy Vs Urethane; Pros and Cons Explained

One of the questions we get most often from facility managers is whether they should install an or aliphatic urethane floor coating.

Both of these floor coatings work in different ways, perform different functions, and have advantages in different areas.

Both provide protection against chemical corrosion, impact, and scratches/scuffs. They also are long-lasting and simple to maintain, while providing slip resistant qualities to increase safety.

Epoxy is More Economical

Epoxy is an ideal, economical product for resurfacing concrete surfaces. An epoxy floor coating is a two-part system that results in an extremely hard and durable surface. These flooring systems can be applied in as little as 2 MLs and up to 80 MLs thick, depending on the application, product being used, and the underlying floor surface.

Epoxy is More Durable

If your work space needs to support heavy traffic, an epoxy coating is shock resistant and helps to protect your facility’s floors both from the long-term impacts of heavy floor traffic as well as driving or even dropping heavy loads.

Epoxies come in a variety of colors and textures that can brighten up a facility and define different work areas. In fact, can increase a floor’s light reflectivity by as much as 300% which, can lower utility bills and brighten up the work space.

Epoxy is Resistant to Water & Chemicals

Additionally, epoxy is amazingly resistant to both water and chemical exposure. If your establishment uses a significant amount of liquids in day-to-day activities, this floor coating stops moisture from leaking into the floor itself, making cleanup easier and protecting the concrete beneath from damage.

Epoxy floors are often used in retail, industrial, and public facilities such as: labs, manufacturing plants, hospitals, schools, malls, and markets. With proper preparation of the underlying concrete, which usually means diamond grinding rather than shot blasting, and expert installation for proper curing and bonding, an epoxy floor is a fantastic choice for most facilities.

Certain formulations of epoxy concrete floor coatings meet LEED requirements for VOC limits, making this a “green” approach to creating a new floor.

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Manufacturing Epoxy Flooring
Epoxy Drawbacks

The biggest drawback to epoxy coatings is the installation time required.

The most important step in installing an epoxy floor coating is the surface preparation, and the surface of the concrete has to be thoroughly prepared before the coating can be installed.

This is because the epoxy cannot adhere properly to marginally prepared surfaces, resulting in potential floor coating failure. Additionally, while an epoxy coating is strong, it is not permanent.

Though the floor can withstand heavy impacts, cracking or chipping can occur if an object is too heavy or dropped at certain angles. Epoxies also have little to no UV protection. so if your floor is outside, or even gets sunlight from windows, an aliphatic urethane should be used.

Urethane Can Protect Against UV Light

Abrasion resistant and more color-retentive than epoxy coatings, urethane floor coatings can last longer and retain their color longer. Urethane is also available in a wide array of colors but can also be applied clear so that existing colors and textures of the floor can show through.

This type of flooring is designed to protect against ultraviolet light and abrasions. If you have an industrial facility that gets a lot of daily use, this floor coating would be a good choice for you. Urethane is not an adjustable thin film floor coating.

Urethane is rolled out at 350 – 500 sf per gallon, which translates to about 2 – 3 mils in thickness — and there is no way to adjust that. Furthermore, urethane does not bond well to concrete, so it is not an ideal coating to apply directly to an existing concrete floor.

Urethane Is An Excellent Topcoat

However, urethane is an outstanding top coat and sealer for most kinds of epoxy applied over concrete floor coatings. Urethane mortars are ideal for the food and beverage industry because it provides and seamless and smooth floor coating that is moisture and heat resistant.

Urethane Is Great for Labs or Industrial Settings

To learn more about the utility of urethane coatings in the food and beverage processing industry check out my blog post on What resin flooring options are available for the food and beverage industry?

Urethane is also great in a lab or industrial setting because it can be chemical resistant. For facilities seeking an ecological floor solution, there are VOC-compliant and odor-free urethanes for many applications.

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Machine Shop Epoxy Flooring
While the surface preparation process for urethane coatings, in some instances, may not have to be as extensive as for epoxy, the process of installation can still take some time. However, what you are left with is a durable, practically indestructible, long-lasting industrial facility floor.

Urethane coats are considered “wear coats” because they cannot be applied in a thick layer so they wear down quickly and need to be replaced. Typically, you can expect a longer lifespan on an epoxy floor as it can be applied much thicker.

Use Epoxy To Build & Urethane To Seal

In general, the best approach is to use an epoxy to build up floors and then urethane to seal and protect them. With urethane as a topcoat over epoxy, the floor will outlast unsealed epoxy 3:1 and you will get excellent wear and abrasion results.

However every facility’s needs are unique, depending upon the particular use and desired outcomes. The best way to determine the right floor coating for your facility is to consult with an experienced resinous flooring expert.

Case Study – Urethane Topcoat

To see an epoxy floor installation with a urethane top coat completed in a packaging facility, check out this exceptional Case Study

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Epoxy Flooring

Ultimate Guide on The Right Surface Profile

How do you determine whether a surface is the proper roughness to allow the coating to soak in? To answer that question, you must have a thorough understanding of concrete surface profiles (CSP).

The surface profile is the measure of the average distance from the peaks of the surface to the valleys, as seen through a cross-sectional view of the surface of the concrete.

Surface Profile Selection

Selection of a surface profile is dependent upon the type of surface being prepared, the type of system process, and the type of service the structure will be subjected to, as well as the type of the resinous flooring system

In particular, the type of use the floor will get will also determine the degree of profile required. Having the proper profile will ensure that the surface will accept the application of polymer-based products and allow the polymer flooring to mechanically bond to the concrete.

How do you know whether you have the correct surface profile?

The ICRI Technical Guideline No. 03732 CSP numbers range from CSP 1 (nearly flat) through CSP 10 (very rough) and correspond to the method used in the preparation of the surface, for optimal bonding of your new concrete floor coating

To achieve each grade progressively, more aggressive methods and equipment are used to produce more rough and textured profiles for applying one or more layers of the sealer, coating, or polymer overlay systems.

To accurately replicate each grade, The International Concrete Repair Institute (ICRI) designates the CSP’s and produces a set of 10 pictorial and physical samples. These samples are used to evaluate whether the surface profile is in accordance with the project specifications.

CSP’s greatly aid in the communication of project objectives and requirements. Molded replicas profiles provide clear visual standards for purposes of specification, execution, and verification.

These benchmark profiles may be referenced in specifications, material data sheets, application guidelines, and contract documents to effectively communicate the required surface profile for your system

Based on the material provider’s datasheet, a CSP can be identified that will determine the method of surface preparation needed for the project. The ICRI provides charts that relate CSP’s to materials to be applied and surface preparation method.

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